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Mud Bricks 

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Mud Brick from Mesopotamia

 

Details unknown

 

Photographed at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

 

Mud bricks were used to construct the Tower of Babel:

 

 

 

They said to each other, “Come, let’s make bricks and bake them thoroughly.” They used brick instead of stone, and tar for mortar. (Genesis 11:3)

Egyptian Mud Brick

 

Date: 1279 – 1212 BC

Place: The Ramesseum at Luxor, Egypt

 

Photographed at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

 

Made of mud and straw, stamped with the name of Ramses II.

 

 

“That same day Pharaoh gave this order to the slave drivers and overseers in charge of the people:  “You are no longer to supply the people with straw for making bricks; let them go and gather their own straw.  But require them to make the same number of bricks as before; don’t reduce the quota.’ (Exodus 5:6-8)

Mould for making Mud Bricks

 

Date: 1479 – 1428 BC

Place: Deir El-Bahari, Luxor

 

Photographed at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

 

From the reign of Thutmosis III, this one is a miniature brick mould which had been placed as a foundation deposit.

Brick Stamp

 

Date: 2254 – 2218 BC.

Place: Akkad, Mesopotamia [Iraq]

 

Photographed at the Istanbul Archaeology Museum, Istanbul, Turkey.

 

This stamp was used during the reign of the Akkadian king Naram-Sin and reads ‘of king Naram-Sin’

Brick Stamp

 

Date: ca. 2217 – 2193 BC.

Place: Akkad, Mesopotamia [Iraq]

 

Photographed at the Istanbul Archaeology Museum, Istanbul, Turkey.

 

This stamp was used during the reign of the Akkadian king Shar-Kali-Sharri, the son and successor of Naram Sin, and reads ‘of king Shar-Kali-Sharri’.

  

Portion of an Inscribed Mud Brick of Nebuchadnezzar II

 

Date: 605-562 BC.

Place: Babylon, Iraq

 

Photographed at Bibleworld Museum & Discovery Centre, Rotorua, New Zealand.

Inscribed Mud Brick of Nebuchadnezzar II

 

Date: 605-562 BC.

Place: Larsa, Iraq

 

Photographed at Bibleworld Museum & Discovery Centre, Rotorua, New Zealand.

 

The Inscription on the brick reads: ‘Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, Provisioner of Esagil and Esada, prime son of Nabopolassar, king of Babylon, am I. Ebabbara, the temple of Shamash, in Larsa I restored as it was before, for Shamash, my lord.’

Inscribed Mud Brick of Nebuchadnezzar II

 

Date: 605-562 BC.

Place: Babylon, Iraq

 

Photographed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York, USA.

 

The Inscription on the brick reads: ‘Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, guardian of the temples Esagila and Ezida, first son of Nabopolassar, king of Babylon.’

Inscribed Mud Brick of Sargon II

 

Date: 722-705 BC.

Place: Khorsabad, Iraq

 

Photographed at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

 

The inscription on the brick reads: ‘Palace of Sargon, king of the world, king of Assyria, viceroy of Babylon, king of Sumer and Akkad, builder of the city Dur-Sharrukin.’