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Olive Production 

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Olive Crusher

 

Date:  Unknown (1st millennium BC.)

Place: Capernaum, Israel

 

Photographed at the Capernaum archaeological excavations, Capernaum, Israel.

 

Olives were first crushed in a basalt basin like this. The crushed oiled were then placed in a reed basket and pressure was applied using a beam with weights attached (see photos below). The squeezed out oil was then collected in pits carved into the floor below the press.

Olive Crusher

(reproduction)

 

Photographed at Explorations in Antiquity Center, La Grange, Georgia, USA.           

 

They crush olives among the terraces; they tread the winepresses, yet suffer thirst. (Job 24:11)

Olive Press

(reconstructed)

 

Date: 8th century BC.

Place: Hazor, Israel

 

Photographed at the Hazor archaeological excavations, Hazor, Israel.

Olive Press - Beam Support and Oil Pit

 

Date: Unknown (1st millennium BC.)

Place: Capernaum, Israel

 

Photographed at the Capernaum archaeological excavations, Capernaum, Israel.

Olive Press

(reproduction)

 

Photographed at Explorations in Antiquity Center, La Grange, Georgia, USA.          

 

“Command the Israelites to bring you clear oil of pressed olives for the light so that the lamps may be kept burning continually. …” (Leviticus 24:2)

Olive Press

(reproduction)

 

Photographed at Nazareth Village, Nazareth, Israel.

 

You will plant but not harvest; you will press olives but not use the oil, you will crush grapes but not drink the wine. (Micah 6:15)