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Percussion Instruments  

Percussion instruments often accompany stringed and wind instruments in Israelite worship. Psalm 150:3-5 states: 'Praise him with the sounding of the trumpet, praise him with the harp and lyre, praise him with the tambourine and dancing, praise him with the strings and flute, praise him with the clash of cymbals, praise him with resounding cymbals.'
 
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Sistrum

 

Date: 1st century AD

Place: Pompeii, Italy

 

Photographed at the Naples National Archeological Museum, Naples, Italy.

 

Sistrums were part of the musical ensemble that accompanied the ark to Jerusalem during the reign of King David. In 2 Samuel 6:5 it states:

 

'David and the whole house of Israel were celebrating with all their might before the Lord, with songs and with harps, lyres, tambourines, sistrums and cymbals.'

 

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Faience Sistrum

 

Date: 570 - 526 BC

Place: Egypt

 

This sistrum depicts a shrine at the top with the head of the goddess Hathor below.

 

Photographed at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

 

Bronze Sistrum

 

Date: Unknown

Place: Tomb at Horoztepe [Turkey]

 

Photographed at the Museum of Anatolyan Civilisation, Ankara, Turkey.

 

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Bronze Sistrum

 

Photographed at the Louvre Museum, Paris, France.

 

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Ceremonial Rattle

 

Date: 3rd Century BC

Place: Orvieto [Italy]

 

Made of bone, ivory and shell and featuring lion's heads.

 

Photographed at the British Museum, London, England.

 

Ceramic Rattle

 

Date: 1200 - 1025 BC

Place: Megiddo, Israel

 

Many of these rattles have been discovered. They are quite heavy and are not likely to be a child's toy. It is believed that they may have been used in dance rituals.

 

Photographed at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

 

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Tambourine (right) & Tambour (left)

 

Date: 1069 - 332 BC

Place: Egypt

 

 

Photographed at the Louvre Museum, Paris, France.

 

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Hathor headed Ivory Clap stick

 

Date: 1300 - 1200 BC

Place: Beth Shean, Israel

 

Made from Hippo Ivory. Clappers were used in pairs, held together by string, and clapped above the worshipper's head. They were often associated with processions for the goddess Hathor. Many feature a hand at the top.

 

Photographed at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. 

 

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Ivory Clap Stick

 

Date: 1880 BC

Place: Hu, Egypt

 

Photographed at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

 

 


Two Bronze Cymbals

 

Date: 4th - 2nd century BC

Place: Greek

 

Inscribed with the owners name 'Oata'.

 

Photographed at the British Museum, London, England. 

 

The Apostle Paul likens doing things for God without love to the sound of a clanging cymbal. (1 Corinthians 13:1)

 

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Bronze Cymbals

 

Date: 1st Century AD

Place: Pompeii [Italy]

 

Photographed at the Naples National Archeological Museum, Naples, Italy.

 

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Bronze Cymbals

 

Photographed at the Louvre Museum, Paris, France.

 

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Bronze Cymbals

 

Date: 3rd Millenium BC

Place: Unknown

 

Photographed at the Istanbul Archaeology Museum, Istanbul, Turkey.

 

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Scraper

 

Date: unknown

Place: unknown

 

Scraper decorated with the head of a caprid (antelope). A terracotta flat bone was rubbed unto the slot to produce a rattling sound.

 

Photographed at the Louvre Museum, Paris, France.