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Wind Instruments

In addition to worship, musical instruments were also used during feasts and banquets. Isaiah  5:11-12 descrbe a banquet scene at which there were harps, lyres, tambourines and flutes being played.
 
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Bronze Pan Flute

 

Date: 1st Century AD

Place: Pompeii

 

Photographed at the Naples National Archeological Museum, Naples, Italy.

 

Bronze Flute

 

Date: 1st Century AD

Place: Pompeii

 

Photographed at the Naples National Archeological Museum, Naples, Italy.

 

Genesis 4:21 tells us that it was Jubal,  a descendent of Cain, who became 'the father of all who play the harp and flute.'

 

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Wooden Flutes

 

Date: Unknown

Place: Dashur, Egypt

 

Photographed at the British Museum, London, England.

 

1 Samuel 10:5-6 describes a scene where a group of prophets is prophesying and at the same time playing lyres, tambourines, flutes and harps.


Double Clarinet

 

Date: unknown

Place: unknown

 

Made from Bamboo, straw reeds have disappeared due to age.

 

Photographed at the Louvre Museum, Paris, France.

 

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Double Flute

 

Photographed at the Louvre Museum, Paris, France.

 

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Two Wooden Auloi

 

Date: about 500 BC

Place: Possibly Athens, Greece

 

The Greek aulos could be made from wood, bone or metal. They had a reed inserted into them and were usually played in pairs. 

 

Photographed at the British Museum, London, England.

 

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Double Clarinet (right)

 

Date: 1400 BC or later

Place: Egypt

 

The double clarinet has five holes and a reed mouthpiece.

 

The artifact on the left is a rattle.

 

Photographed at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

 

 

The Ancient Egyptians had single and double flutes, single and double clarinets and an oboe.

 

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Two Bone Flutes with Bronze Ring

 

Rear: Bone flute covered with bronze rings.

Date: 450 - 380 BC

Place: Probably sanctuary of Dodona

 

Front: Part of bone flute with bronze rings.

Date: Late 2nd to early 1st century BC

Place: Athens

 

Photographed at the National Archeological Museum of Athens, Athens, Greece.

 

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Etruscan Bronze Trumpet

 

Date: 4th - 3rd Century BC

Place: Toscanella, Central Italy

 

This curved Roman trumpet was called a Cornu.

 

Photographed at the British Museum, London, England.

 

So the Levites stood ready with David's  instruments and the priests with their trumpets. Hezekiah gave the order to sacrifice the burnt offering on the altar. As the offering began, singing to the Lord began also, accompanied by trumpets and the instruments of David king of Israel. (2 Chronicles 29:26 -27)

 

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Etruscan Bronze Trumpet

 

Date: 400 - 200 BC

Place: Tuscania, Italy

 

Photographed at the British Museum, London, England.

 

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Bronze Flutes

 

Date: 1st century AD

Place: Roman

 

 

Photographed at the British Museum, London, England.

 

These have probably been restored incorrectly and cannot be played.

 

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Satyr Playing Double Pipes

 

Date: 2nd to 3rd century AD

Place: Roman

 

 

Photographed at the British Museum, London, England.

 

This marble relief was possibly originally part of a sarcophagus which was cut up in recent times.